Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights

Introduction The following is a brief summary of each tool for protecting intellectual property (IP). The tools discussed are Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights. Patents Patents protect an idea (invention) that is embodied in a device or method.  This is different from Copyright and Trademarks. The vast majority of patents are “utility patents”. There are also plant patents…

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OVERCOMING AN OBVIOUSNESS REJECTION

Introduction Rejections under 35 U.S.C. 103 are the most common basis for an examiner refusing to allow issuance of a patent.  Section 103 outlines an improvement or modification that would be obvious to a hypothetical person of ordinary skill in the art is not patentable. I have already written on this topic, i.e., “overcoming an…

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DIY Provisional Applications

Introduction I talk to many start-up entrepreneurs regarding protecting their IP.   Typically they do not have a lot of time or money to seek patent protection.  However Congress created the provisional application for patent procedure for the benefit of just that group of entrepreneurs. Although I do not recommend filing your own provisional application without assistance of a…

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PATENT APPLICATION FLOW CHART

  Introduction The following is a simplified description on one possible chain of events that occur in the patenting process.  This is a hypothetical patent application flow chart.  See my article on “Behind the First to File Rules“.  Also review my article regarding “Patent Application Elements“. Pre-Filing Outline Document invention in writing, signed and dated…

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103 Obviousness Rejections II

Introduction I am following up on my recent post Section 103 Obviousness Rejections pertaining to the 2018 USPTO Guidelines issued to USPTO examiner.  Recall that in 2007, the US Supreme Court broadened the basis for an examiner to reject a claim of a patent application on the assertion that the development subject of the claim was obvious…

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PATENTS FOR BUSINESS METHODS (REVISED)

Introduction Methods of conducting business can be patentable.  However, the USPTO inquiry expands beyond the questions of whether the method is new (Section 102) or whether the method is an obvious variation of prior art methods (Section 103).  Further, the pendency for examination of business method applications is the longest within the USPTO.  Also see…

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WHAT NOT TO DO BEFORE YOU FILE

Introduction In many circumstances, once the innovative horse has galloped out (or been lured out) of the barn, it is impossible to lead it back. Note also, that even your own offer to let the horse out of the barn or offer to sell the horse, sight unseen, to a potential buyer, can jeopardize patent…

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PATENT APPLICATION ELEMENTS

Introduction There are three (3) types of patents. The most common and most valuable is a utility patent. There are also design patents and plant patents. This article discusses utility patents and the patent application requirements. Utility Patent Application Requirements The patent application requirements for a utility patent are discussed  herein.  A utility patent application…

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